Log in to get started!

Don't have an account yet? You can create one below.

Student Instructor

Iranian Escalation in the Middle East

Members of Iranian Revolutionary Guard march in a parade

Case Overview

A decades-long tension between the United States and Iran escalates as Iran increases its nuclear capacity. 

Create Simulation

The Situation

The United States has long been concerned about Iran’s possible violations of nuclear nonproliferation agreements and its broader threats to security in the Middle East. Since 2018, the United States has put increasing pressure on Iran, withdrawing from a 2015 nuclear deal and reinstating sanctions that had been suspended under that deal in the hope of bringing Iran to the negotiating table for a more restrictive agreement that would address Iran’s role in regional wars. In response, though, Iran has ramped up its nuclear capacity and aggression toward its adversaries. A worsening conflict with Iran could have significant consequences for the United States, including the risk of U.S. troops being targeted in the Middle East and an escalation of proxy warfare in the region. Some experts fear that violent escalation could even result in war. The president has called a National Security Council (NSC) meeting to develop a comprehensive strategy concerning Iran.



  • multilateralism 
  • nationalism 
  • negotiations 
  • nuclear nonproliferation 
  • sanctions 
  • sectarianism
  • proxy warfare
  • containment



  • U.S.-Iran relations 
  • U.S. interests in the Middle East 
  • nuclear-related agreements and institutions
  • Iranian influence in the Middle East
  • recent history in the Middle East

You are currently previewing the Iranian Escalation in the Middle East NSC Basic case.

View Full Basic Case View NSC Advanced case Build a Simulation
Collapse Preview Bar