Iran Deal Breach
Set in January 2017. Israel publicly accuses Iran of violating its agreement not to develop nuclear weapons, but Iran denies the allegations and refuses inspections of its facilities.Create Simulation
Iran’s nuclear program, alongside its broader threats to security in the Middle East, has long troubled the United States and its allies. In 2015, the United States, Iran, and five other countries reached a landmark agreement called the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA). In exchange for relief from international sanctions imposed over Iran’s nuclear program, the accord places restraints on this program, monitored with vigorous inspections. Israel has now accused Iran of violating the accord by operating a clandestine nuclear enrichment facility. The JCPOA contains a procedure for gaining access to disputed facilities, but a majority of parties must vote to trigger the process, which they are not prepared to do. National Security Council members need to advise the president on how best to respond. Each option—negotiations and consultations, renewed sanctions, and airstrikes against the suspect site—offers benefits and drawbacks. The debate is all the more difficult given the historical animosity between the United States and Iran, and the complex U.S. interests at stake in the Middle East today.
- U.S.-Iran relations
- The 2015 Iranian nuclear deal
- Dynamics of the modern Middle East
- U.S. interests in the Middle East
- Nuclear-related agreements and institutions